Background: Periodontal pathogens and inflammatory process have been postulated to contribute to systemic pathogenic processes like atherosclerosis through various mechanisms. This study was conducted to investigate the possibility of an association between the presence of incidentally found calcifications along the course of the ICA with tooth loss and periodontal status.
Material & Methods: A retrospective CBCT analysis was conducted on 110 patients. CBCT scans taken as a part of the dental examinations were analyzed for missing teeth and evidence of any calcification along the course of internal carotid artery. All the scans which revealed any evidence of calcifications were evaluated for their mean age, gender and the total number of missing teeth.
Result: The study sample contained 110 scans, with the mean age (SD) of the cohort 50.01(±11.6). with 53.4% females and 43.6% were males. A total of 17% of the scans showed presence of calcification. Comparison of the missing teeth between the two groups revealed that missing teeth is higher in the group with calcification which was statistically significant with a p value of 0.01. Comparison of the apical lesions between the two groups revealed that apical lesion was higher in the group with calcification and was statistically significant with a p value of 0.011.
Conclusion: Greater the number of missing teeth, greater were the chances of calcifications being detected along the course of Internal Carotid Artery(ICA).