Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IranIranian Heart Foundation (IHF), Iran

2 Iranian Heart Foundation (IHF), Iran

3 Interventional Cardiology Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Heart Failure Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

5 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Health School, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

6 Research Center for Environmental determinants of Health, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

7 Hormozgan Cardiovascular Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandarabbas, Iran

8 Birjand Disease Cardiovascular Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran

9 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

10 Department of Psychiatry, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

11 Hypertension Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

12 Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

13 Pediatric Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

14 Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Abstract

BACKGROUND: GTo investigate the effects of comprehensive, integrated interventions on dyslipidemia
Knowledge and Practices (LIPOKAP) using population and high-risk approaches.
METHODS: The baseline of this national, multicentric community trial was conducted on three groups: the general population (adults over the age of 18 and their children aged 6-18), patients with dyslipidemia and their caregivers, and health professionals (physicians, nurses, health providers, and health workers). The general population was sampled using multi-stage random sampling, while patients and health professionals were recruited using the consecutive sampling method. The research was carried out in five urban and rural Iranian counties. The sampling method and sample size were similar in baseline and postintervention surveys. Approximately 8-month intervention programs were carried out on the target groups, which generally included educational strategies. The intervention activities addressed the management, prevention, and control and were tailored to each target group, focusing on lifestyle and self-care.
RESULTS: All questionnaires’ validity ratio, content validity index, and Cronbach’s alpha were over 0.68, 0.83, and 0.73, respectively. We enrolled 2456 adults and 850 of their children, 3331 dyslipidemia patients, 1699 caregivers, and 1957 health professionals.
CONCLUSIONS: The validity and reliability of all developed questionnaires that can examine knowledge and practice changes as a result of intervention activities were acceptable.

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