Document Type : Original Article(s)


1 Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Heart Failure Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Interventional Cardiology Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: The Isfahan Twin Cohort (ITC) aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the interplay between genetics and environment in the development of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). As a type of specialized epidemiological investigation, twin studies are designed to quantify the contribution of genetics to a particular phenotype when confronted with environmental factors. In this context, the present study aims to present a detailed overview of the ITC methodology.
Methods: The ITC is a prospective longitudinal study started in 2020. Data collection, including the demographics, socioeconomic status, health-related habits, medical history, and zygosity of the participants, was performed using validated questionnaires. Moreover, anthropometric measurements and blood pressure assessments were performed by a trained nurse. Also, fasting blood and morning urine samples were collected during a morning visit, and biochemical investigations were conducted at the central laboratory of the Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute. The participants underwent follow-up telephone interviews biannually, in which brief questionnaires were filled out on the changes in the lifestyle factors of the participants, such as diet, physical activity, psychological factors, and smoking habits. The second and final follow-up visit will include complete assessments, including blood and biological sample collections, similar to the baseline assessment. 
Results: The ITR has registered a total of 112 (n=224) monozygotic and 291 (n=582) dizygotic twin pairs during two years. The age range of the participants is 1 month to 56 years. Until November 2020 / 2021, the registered twins were categorized by age and included 48 pairs (n=96) in the infant group (monozygotic: 7 pairs, dizygotic: 41 pairs); 283 pairs (n=566) in the early childhood, late childhood, and adolescent groups (monozygotic: 74 pairs, dizygotic: 209 pairs); and 72 pairs (n=144) in the adult group (monozygotic: 31 pairs, dizygotic: 41 pairs). 
Conclusions: The cohort is being prospectively followed with plans to investigate the clinical utility of the newly developed biomarkers and gene-environmental interactions in the future.


The Google Schoolar and PubMed links for Nizal Sarrafzadegan.

Google Schoolar



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