Document Type : Original Article(s)
1 Associate Professor of Neurology, Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Neurology Clinic of Al-Zahra University Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Medical Student, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
associated with increased risk of stroke. This study aimed to determine the type of stroke andthe role of fibrinogen in stroke type.METHODS: This case-control study comprised 58 hospitalized patients with intracranialhemorrhage (ICH) and ischemic stroke. Demographic and clinical characteristics, type of strokeand fibrinogen level were collected after starting the treatment.RESULTS: The prevalence of ICH was higher in men than in women so that 60% of men and39.3% of women in this study were diagnosed with this type of stroke. In contrast, thecorresponding figures for ischemic stroke were 40% and 60.7%, respectively. Statistical analysisby chi-square test revealed significant difference in the type of stoke in terms of gender(P = 0.026). The mean fibrinogen levels was lower in patients with ICH (348 ± 96 mg/dl) thanin patients with ischemic stroke (381 ± 126 mg/dl), however this difference was not statisticallysignificant (P = 0.12). Fibrinogen levels were significantly higher in women than in men(390 ± 111 vs. 340 ± 110 mg/dl, respectively, P = 0.017).CONCLUSION: Although the mean fibrinogen level was not significantly different in ICH andischemic stroke patients, it is recommended to examine the serum fibrinogen and its relatedfactors at least for those patients with non-modifiable risk factors and in particular for thosewith family history and genetic background.Keywords: Cardiovascular Diseases; Ischemic Stroke; Fibrinogen.