Vol 12, No 2 (2016):94-99

Policy makers’ viewpoints on implementation of the World Health Organization ‎Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in Iran: A qualitative investigation of ‎program facilitators

Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Katayoun Rabiei, Mousa Alavi, Roya Kelishadi, Leila Manzouri, Heidarali Abedi, Khadijeh Fereydoun-Mohaseli, Hasan Azaripour-Masooleh, Hamidreza Roohafza, Gholamreza Heidari


Background: The epidemic of smoking is a great concern of health systems. Moreover, the number of smokers is increasing worldwide and this has led to an escalating trend of morbidity, mortality, and burden of smoking-related diseases. Therefore, monitoring the implementation of tobacco control laws in different countries is of extreme importance. This study aimed to describe policy makers’ experiences and perceptions of the facilitating factors of the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) in Iran.

Methods: This was a qualitative research in which data were collected through individual interviews. The participants included policy makers who were members of the national assembly for tobacco control. In this study, 13 unstructured interviews of about 45 to 60 minutes duration were conducted in an extrapolative manner. The qualitative content analysis method was applied until extrapolation of basic themes was complete.

Results: As a result of the analysis, the themes of performance through training, through research, through intersectoral collaboration, and through setting priorities emerged. The emerged themes connote some critical points that have key roles in promoting the effective implementation of the WHO FCTC. Furthermore, the main role of the health sector becomes predominant.

Conclusion: The study findings suggested the managed and coordinated work as one of the main facilitating factors of the implementation of the WHO FCTC at a national level. 


Tobacco; Policy Makers; Qualitative; WHO; FCTC; Iran

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