Vol 11, No 6 (2015):357-365

Systematic review of zinc biochemical indicators and risk of coronary heart ‎disease

Maryam Hashemian, Hossein Poustchi, Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi, Azita Hekmatdoost


BACKGROUND: Poor zinc nutritional status is suspected as a risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Since zinc absorption may be influenced by some nutritional and physiologic factors, it would be better to investigate zinc status through biochemical measurements. The objective of the present study was to review recent studies investigating the association of zinc biomarkers with CHD, systematically.

METHODS: The MEDLINE database was used for relevant studies published from January 2009 to December 2013 with appropriate keywords. Articles were included in this study if they were human studies, original articles, and published in English.

RESULTS: Six case-control studies and two prospective cohort studies that measured zinc biomarkers were included in the study. Almost all case-control studies suggest that decreased plasma zinc was associated with increased CHD risk. Cohort studies did not support this relationship.

CONCLUSION: The majority of the evidence for this theory is extracted from case-control studies, which might have bias. Prospective studies and randomized clinical trials are needed to investigate whether poor zinc status is associated with increased CHD risk. Consequently, a protective role of zinc in CHD could not be still established.



Zinc, Coronary Heart Disease, Minerals, Systematic Review, Cardiovascular, Myocardial ‎Infarction

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