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Author Guidelines


Manuscripts containing original material are accepted for consideration if neither the article nor any part of its essential substance, tables, or figures has been or will be published or submitted elsewhere before appearing in the Journal. This restriction does not apply to abstracts or press reports published in connection with scientific meetings. Copies of any closely related manuscripts must be submitted along with the manuscript that is to be considered by the Journal. Authors of all types of articles should follow the general instructions given below. Please see Types of Articles for specific word counts and instructions.


  • Only online submission is acceptable. Please submit online at:
  • Manuscripts should be divided into the following sections: (1) Title page, (2) Abstract and Keywords, (3) Introduction, (4) Methods, (5) Results, (6) Discussion, (7) Acknowledgements, (8) Authors contribution, (9) References, (10) Figures’ legend, (11), Tables and (12) Appendices. Figures should be submitted in separate files using JPEG or TIF format.
  • Prepare your manuscript text using a Word processing package (save in .doc or .rtf format NOT .docx). Submissions of text in the form of PDF files are not permitted.


A covering letter signed by corresponding author should provide full contact details (include the address, telephone number, fax number, and Email address). Please make clear that the final manuscript has been seen and approved by all authors, and that the authors accept full responsibility for the design and conduct of the study, had access to the data, and controlled the decision to publish. There should also be a statement that the manuscript is not under submission elsewhere and has not been published before in any form.



As stated in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, credit for authorship requires substantial contributions to: 1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND 2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND 3. Final approval of the version to be published; AND 4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

All authors must sign authorship form attesting that they fulfill the authorship criteria. Your submitted manuscript will not be processed unless this form is sent. There should be a statement in manuscript explaining contribution of each author to the work. Those contributors who did not fulfill authorship criteria should be listed in acknowledgments.

Any change in authorship after submission must be approved in writing by all authors.


In appropriate places in the manuscript please provide the following items:

  • If applicable, a statement that the research protocol was approved by the relevant institutional review boards or ethics committees and that all human participants gave written informed consent
  • The source of funding for the study
  • · The identity of those who analyzed the data
  • · Financial disclosure or a statement indicating

“None” is necessary.


With the manuscript, provide a page giving the title of the paper; titles should be concise and descriptive (not declarative). Title page should include an abbreviated running title of 40 characters, the names of the authors, including the complete first names and no more than two graduate degrees, the name of the department and institution in which the work was done, the institutional affiliation of each author. The name, post address, telephone number, fax number, and Email address of the corresponding author should be separately addressed. Any grant support that requires acknowledgment should be mentioned on this page.

Word count of abstract and main text as well as number of tables and figures and references should be mentioned on title page. If the work was derived from a project or dissertation, its code should also be stated. For clinical trials, a registry number like Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT) should also be provided.

 Affiliation model: Academic Degree, Department, Institute, City, Country

Example: Associate Professor, Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Provide on a separate page an abstract of not more than 300 words. This abstract should consist of four paragraphs, labeled Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusion. They should briefly describe the problem being addressed in the study, how the study was performed, the salient results, and what the authors conclude from the results, respectively. Three to 10 keywords may be included. Keywords are preferred to be in accordance with MeSH terms. Find MeSH terms:



Authors of research articles should disclose at the time of submission any financial arrangement they may have with a company whose product is pertinent to the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product. Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision, but if the article is accepted for publication, a disclosure will appear with the article.

Because the essence of reviews and editorials is selection and interpretation of the literature, the Journal expects that authors of such articles will not have any significant financial interest in a company (or its competitor) that makes a product discussed in the article.



Submitted papers will be examined for the evidence of plagiarism using PlagScan automated plagiarism detection service. Manuscripts are examined by members of the editorial staff, and two thirds are sent to external reviewers to be peer-reviewed via a double-blinded process. We encourage authors to suggest the names of possible reviewers, but we reserve the right of final selection. Communications about manuscripts will be sent after the review and editorial decision-making process is complete. After acceptance, editorial system makes a final language and scientific edition. No substantial change is permitted by authors after acceptance. It is the responsibility of corresponding author to answer probable questions and approve final version.


Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.


 Use normal page margins (2.5 cm), and double-space throughout.


Double-space tables and provide a title for each.


Figures should be no larger than 125 (height) x 180 (width) mm (5 x 7 inches) and should be submitted in a separate file from that of the manuscript. The name of images or figures files should be the same as the order that was used in manuscript (fig 1, fig 2, etc.). Only JPEG, TIF, GIF and EPS image formats are acceptable with CMYK model for colored image at a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Graphs must have the minimum quality: clear text, proportionate, not 3 dimensional and without disharmonic language. Electron photomicrographs should have internal scale markers.

If photographs of patients are used, either the subjects should not be identifiable or the photographs should be accompanied by written permission to use them. Permission forms are available from the Editorial Office.

Medical and scientific illustrations will be created or recreated in-house. If an outside illustrator creates the figure, the Journal reserves the right to modify or redraw it to meet our specifications for publication. The author must explicitly acquire all rights to the illustration from the artist in order for us to publish the illustration. Legends for figures should be an editable text as caption and should not appear on the figures.


The Vancouver style of referencing should be used. References must be double-spaced and numbered as superscripts consecutively as they are cited. References first cited in a table or figure legend should be numbered so that they will be in sequence with references cited in the text at the point where the table or figure is first mentioned. List all authors when there are six or fewer; when there are seven or more, list the first six, then “et al.” In the following some examples are listed:


1. McLaughlin TJ, Aupont O, Bambauer KZ, Stone P, Mullan MG, Colagiovanni J, et al. Improving psychologic adjustment to chronic illness in cardiac patients. The role of depression and anxiety. J Gen Intern Med 2005; 20(12): 1084-90.

2. Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P.

Braunwald's Heart Disease E-Book: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2007. p. 1976, 1981, 1982.

3. Gaston M. The psychological care of patients following a myocardial infarction [Online]. 2003; Available from: URL:

 Units of Measurement

Authors should express all measurements in conventional units, with Système International (SI) units given in parentheses throughout the text. Figures and tables should use conventional units, with conversion factors given in legends or footnotes. In accordance with the Uniform Requirements, however, manuscripts containing only SI units will not be returned for that reason.


Except for units of measurement, abbreviations are discouraged. Consult Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (Sixth edition. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994) for lists of standard abbreviations. Except for units of measurement, the first time an abbreviation appears, it should be preceded by the words for which it stands.

Drug Names

Generic names should generally be used except for studies on comparative effects of different brands. When proprietary brands are used in research, include the brand name and the name of the manufacturer in parentheses in the Methods section.

 For any more detail about the writing style for your manuscripts refer to:

Try to prepare your manuscript in accord with the scientific writing checklists available in EQUATOR Network:


When a manuscript arrives to ARYA office, a staff member checks it to make sure that all materials required for submission are included. If everything is present, the article is registered in office and referred to the managing editor.

The first step the manuscript makes on its editorial journey is on the desk of the editor-in-chief, who reviews each submission (in his absence this is done by the managing editor) and decides on the basis of its general content whether it is appropriate even for consideration for publication. Each of the remaining scientific manuscripts is assigned to an associate editor with expertise in the subject area covered by the study, who makes an independent assessment of the value and validity of the paper. If the associate editor believes that even with favorable reviews the paper would not be published because it lacks novelty or importance, or if he/she spots a major flaw in experimental design, performance or statistical analysis the manuscript is returned to the authors.

If, on the other hand, the associate editor believes that the paper may merit publication, it is sent to two of our outside reviewers. They are asked to provide a frank evaluation of the scientific validity of the manuscript, insight into its freshness, clinical impact, and timeliness, and an overall opinion of its worthiness for publication. This is the key step in manuscript evaluation. As editors, we are grateful to all our reviewers for their continued contribution to the rating process. We are careful not to refer to them as "referees," which would suggest that the decision to publish a paper rests entirely with them. It does not. The reviewers provide critiques and advice that the editorial staff uses in making decisions. But we, ARYA editorial board, make the decisions. When both outside reviews are returned, the associate editor then assesses the manuscript again, along with the comments of the reviewers. She may seek additional opinions from other reviewers, or may discuss the manuscript at a meeting of the entire editorial staff. At this meeting a decision is made either to reject the paper or to proceed further editorial consideration, including, if appropriate, a formal review of the statistical or experimental methods. In some cases, the editorial staff may recommend additional review by outside reviewers. On completion of this process, the manuscript is usually returned to its authors along with a letter inviting them to revise it and to respond to certain questions. When all the requested information has been received, the manuscript is reconsidered by an associate editor, and it may be discussed again with other members of the editorial staff. We then make our final decision to accept or reject the paper.

We recognize that the peer-review process is not perfect, but we earnestly believe that it is the best way to select and publish the most important medical research. Peer review is labor-intensive and sometimes time-consuming, but without it physicians themselves would have to assess the validity of new medical research and decide when to introduce new treatments into practice.

We do all our efforts to finalize this process in a 3 to 4 months period for each manuscript.

We understand the importance of a submitted manuscript to its authors. We invite you to submit your best research to us; we will treat it with respect, and you can follow it on its journey.


Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.


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